US 2015 Dietary Guidelines released


The government’s 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans were released Jan. 7 with strong warnings about sugar, a less than expected slap at meat and an acknowledgement that some oils are healthy.
The guidelines suggest Americans should consume:
•A variety of vegetables, including dark green, red and orange, legumes (beans and peas), starchy and other vegetables
•Fruits, especially whole fruits
•Grains, at least half of which are whole grains
•Fat-free or low-fat dairy, including milk, yogurt, cheese, and/or fortified soy beverages
•A variety of protein foods, including seafood, lean meats and poultry, eggs, legumes (beans and peas), soy products, and nuts and seeds
•Oils, including those from plants: canola, corn, olive, peanut, safflower, soybean, and sunflower. Oils also are naturally present in nuts, seeds, seafood, olives, and avocados.
Some things worth noting from deeper in the guidelines:
•There was some speculation the guidelines could create some warning about chemical non-nutritive sweeteners, especially aspartame, but instead they noted: “aspartame in amounts commonly consumed is safe and poses minimal health risk for healthy individuals without phenylketonuria.”
•Dietary cholesterol does not play a major role in blood cholesterol, a reversal of previous thinking. This makes egg people happy.
•A little caffeine is OK. “Moderate coffee consumption (three to five 8-oz cups/day or providing up to 400 mg/day of caffeine) can be incorporated into healthy eating patterns.”
There are five overarching guidelines:
•Follow a healthy eating pattern across the lifespan. Eating patterns are the combination of foods and drinks that a person eats over time.
•Focus on variety, nutrient-dense foods, and amount.
•Limit calories from added sugars and saturated fats, and reduce sodium intake.
•Shift to healthier food and beverage choices.
•Support healthy eating patterns for all.